Spanish for "rich coast," Costa Rica is the second smallest country in Central America and is bordered by the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. The abundance of shoreline and divergent bodies of water provide a plethora of exotic fish, most of them large and travelling in schools. Eco-friendly long before it came into vogue Costa Rica is the highest ranked Western Hemisphere country on the Environmental Performance Index. The abundance of resorts offers visitors hundreds of starting points for breathtaking land excursions and hiking adventurers. For diving variety, land-based activities and natural, unspoiled beauty, Costa Rica is second to none.